What If: Will the United States Become Less Centralized? . by Alice B. Clagett *

Written and published on 6 December 2019
Prior title: What If the United States Became Less Federal and More Regional in Government? 

Dear Ones,

ECONOMIC STRESSORS THAT MAY LEAD TO DECENTRALIZATION OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT          top

I have some thoughts on the state of the nation. Intuitively, I sense economic stressors that may gradually lead to our Federal government taking a lesser role in the governance of the United States, compared to regional alliances of states. I see the Federal government continuing to provide military defense, social security payments, and leadership in foreign affairs. I also see states taking more initiative in economics for their regions.

As to trade, I see future reliance on established railroad routes and water routes such as the Mississippi river. I anticipate that, should there be a gradual lessening of Federal power, then there might be more trade within an economic region, and less trade globally and nationally.

As to finance, I see potential reliance on barter, with care no to place our financial assets in overseas locations. Local-employment based credit unions may come into favor as regional savings repositories.

There may be more reliance on those economic sectors that hold strong during recessions … such as locally grown food, locally obtainable building materials, and water supplies not piped in over long distances.

As to economic stressors, I suggest the overarching stressor of the COVID-19 pandemic, the economic impact of the HIV pandemic, and stress of regional aridity due to long-distance water transport costs,

A socially disruptive stressor is handheld psychosis, which may lead to chaotic events such as mass murders and actions by public utilities and military regarding perceived dangers that do not truly exist. This might precipitate social unrest in regions of the United States pinpointed by the Jade Helm exercises.

CAVEATS REGARDING POSSIBLE LOCI OF SOCIAL UNREST          top

In United States cities, the high cost of housing and the increasing phenomenon of homelessness may lead to social unrest and attempted land grabs through anarchist behavior; this is something for which, I feel, every large city mayor and every state government ought to have on hand emergency action plans. For states in arid regions, emergency anti-anarchist plans ought, I feel, to highlight security of water transport systems. Electrical grids, I feel, might also be an anarchist target.

We people in large United States cities can be of big help in creating peaceful environments for our children by offering our law enforcement departments volunteer help through neighborhood watch programs.

ON MAINTAINING A POSITIVE ATTITUDE IN THE FACE OF CHANGE          top

It seems unlikely to me that anything would happen in a moment; rather I feel that the United States might very slowly tend towards a model of government more akin to the state by state model of our early years as a nation. We may find, in future, that traveling from one state to the next is a refreshingly new experience. Not everyone may be watching the same thing on television every night anymore; there may be less airline flights from here to there; and so the natural flavor and local color of each region of the United States may become more striking to the casual tourist.

In addition, it may be that some regions of the United States may be more perilous for tourist travel, as was the case for travelers in the early years of our nation.

I realize the prospect of change can be unsettling. It is good to keep in mind that changes such as those spoken of above … if, indeed, change there be … would in all likelihood take place by slow stages, over the course of the next century or two. Thus I feel certain there would be plenty of time to make our plans and find our footing in the new.

POSSIBLE FUTURE UNITED STATES ECONOMIC REGIONS AND TRADE REGIONS          top

Below are some maps I have adapted to show possible United States economic regions and trade regions of centuries to come. I would be interested on your comments regarding this intriguing topic of the eventual possibility that the United States government might become less centralized, and more imbued with local flavor and with the strong spirit of our local communities.

HIV Pandemic Economic Stressor 1: One Eastern Economic Region Including the Southern States and the Eastern Seaboard

Image: “HIV Pandemic Economic Stressor 1: One Eastern Economic Region Including the Southern States and the Eastern Seaboard,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 … DESCRIPTION: To the right of the white line, One Eastern Economic Region including the Southern states and the Eastern Seaboard … CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons …

Image: “HIV Pandemic Economic Stressor 1: One Eastern Economic Region Including the Southern States and the Eastern Seaboard,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 …

DESCRIPTION: To the right of the white line, One Eastern Economic Region including the Southern states and the Eastern Seaboard …

CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg  … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

HIV Pandemic Economic Stressor 2: An Eastern Seaboard Economic Region and a Southern Economic Region

Image: “HIV Pandemic Economic Stressor 2: An Eastern Seaboard Economic Region and a Southern Economic Region,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 … DESCRIPTION: To the right of the white line, the earlier Eastern Economic Region divided by the yellow line into two smaller regions: an Eastern Seaboard Region and a Southern Region  … CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg  … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Image: “HIV Pandemic Economic Stressor 2: An Eastern Seaboard Economic Region and a Southern Economic Region,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 …

DESCRIPTION: To the right of the white line, the earlier Eastern Economic Region divided by the yellow line into two smaller regions: an Eastern Seaboard Economic Region and a Southern Economic Region  …

CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg  … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Western Economic and Cultural Stressors: Northwest Economic Region and California Central Valley Economic Region

Image: “Western Economic and Cultural Stressors,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 … DESCRIPTION: Along the Pacific Coast, two regions delineated by white lines. To the north is the Northwest Economic Region, including the parts of Washington state and Oregon with good rainfall. To the South is the California Central Valley Economic Region (also with good rainfall) … CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Image: “Western Economic and Cultural Stressors: Northwest Economic Region and California Central Valley Economic Region,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 …

DESCRIPTION: Along the Pacific Coast, two regions delineated by white lines. To the north is the Northwest Economic Region, including the parts of Washington state and Oregon with good rainfall. To the South is the California Central Valley Economic Region (also with good rainfall)  …

CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg  … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Jade Helm Stressors: A Utah-Colorado Trade Region; a Texas Trade Region; a Mexican Trade Corridor; and a Florida-Caribbean Trade Corridor

Image: “Jade Helm Stressors: A Utah-Colorado Trade Region; a Texas Trade Region; a Mexican Trade Corridor; and a Florida-Caribbean Trade Corridor,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 … DESCRIPTION: Circled in yellow are two possible regions that might secede from the Union, but with which reciprocal trade agreements might be negotiated. Topmost is a Utah-Colorado Trade Region (which might be divided into two separate areas based on dominant religion). Lower and to the right is a Texas Trade Region comprising what is now eastern, central, and northern Texas. Then there are two southern regions delineated in white These are regions that might lean favorably towards alliance with Mexico, but with which we might anticipate establishing reciprocal trade agreements. To the left is a Mexican Trade Corridor comprising California from Los Angeles and to the south; the lower halves of Arizona and New Mexico, and the southwestern part of Texas. To the right is the state of Florida, which might lean favorably toward the Caribbean countries, but with which we might anticipate establishing reciprocal trade agreements; this I term the Florida-Caribbean Trade Corridor … CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Image: “Jade Helm Stressors: A Utah-Colorado Trade Region; a Texas Trade Region; a Mexican Trade Corridor; and a Florida-Caribbean Trade Corridor,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 …

DESCRIPTION: Circled in yellow are two possible regions that might secede from the Union, but with which reciprocal trade agreements might be negotiated. Topmost is a Utah-Colorado Trade Region (which might be divided into two separate areas based on dominant religion). Lower and to the right is a Texas Trade Region comprising what is now eastern, central, and northern Texas.

Then there are two southern regions delineated in white These are regions that might lean favorably towards alliance with Mexico, but with which we might anticipate establishing reciprocal trade agreements.

To the left is a Mexican Trade Corridor comprising California from Los Angeles and to the south; the lower halves of Arizona and New Mexico, and the southwestern part of Texas.

To the right is the state of Florida, which might lean favorably toward the Caribbean countries, but with which we might anticipate establishing reciprocal trade agreements; this I term the Florida-Caribbean Trade Corridor …

CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Southwestern Arid Region: Small Town and Native American Reservation Citadels

Image: “Southwestern Arid Region: Small Town and Native American Reservation Citadels,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 … DESCRIPTION: Circled in white is the large Southwestern Arid Region, which might move to more local forms of small town government … as well as continuing with Native American Reservation governments … should the nation become less centralized. These include the Great Basin, the Great Rocky Mountains, and the western portion of the Great Plains … CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Image: “Southwestern Arid Region: Small Town and Native American Reservation Citadels,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 …

DESCRIPTION: Circled in white is the large Southwestern Arid Region, which might move to more local forms of small town government … as well as continuing with Native American Reservation governments … should the nation become less centralized. These include the Great Basin, the Great Rocky Mountains, and the western portion of the Great Plains …

CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Central Breadbasket Economic Region

Image: “Central Breadbasket Economic Region,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 … DESCRIPTION: Circled in green is a Central Breadbasket Economic Region, with plentiful rainfall and good river transportation. This includes the eastern portion of the Great Plains, as well as the area south of the Great Lakes, west of the Appalachians, and north of the Southernmost states … CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Image: “Central Breadbasket Economic Region,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 …

DESCRIPTION: Circled in green is a Central Breadbasket Economic Region, with plentiful rainfall and good river transportation. This includes the eastern portion of the Great Plains, as well as the area south of the Great Lakes, west of the Appalachians, and north of the Southernmost states …

CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg  … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Possible Future Capital Cities of the United States

Image: “Possible Future Capital Cities of the United States,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 … DESCRIPTION: The current capital of the United States is Washington DC (numbered ‘0’ on the map). Because of the AIDs crisis in Washington DC, and because our nation’s capital was once Lancaster PA, I suggest eventual relocation of the Capital back to Lancaster (numbered ‘1’ on the map). Farther out in time, it may be that Saint Louis, MO (labeled ‘2’) would prove a good location for our nation’s capital … CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Image: “Possible Future Capital Cities of the United States,” adapted by Alice B. Clagett, 6 December 2019, CC BY-SA 4.0 …

DESCRIPTION: The current capital of the United States is Washington DC (numbered ‘0’ on the map). Because of the AIDs crisis in Washington DC, and because our nation’s capital was once Lancaster PA, I suggest eventual relocation of the Capital back to Lancaster (numbered ‘1’ on the map). Farther out in time, it may be that Saint Louis, MO (labeled ‘2’) would prove a good location for our nation’s capital …

CREDIT: The topographic map is “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg  … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

In love, light and joy,
I Am of the Stars

See also … Link: “Western States Pact and Possible Decentralization of the United States,” by Alice B. Clagett, written and published on 2 June 2020 … https://wp.me/p2Rkym-is3 ..

MORE INFORMATION          top

Below are maps I studied while writing this blog …

ECONOMIC AND HISTORICAL STRESSORS          top

Civil War Stressor

Image: “United States map of 1861, showing affiliation of states and territories regarding secession from the Union at the start of the American Civil War,” by Júlio Reis, 23 February 2007, from English Wikipedia … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:US_Secession_map_1861.svg … CC BY-SA 3.0.

Image: “United States map of 1861, showing affiliation of states and territories regarding secession from the Union at the start of the American Civil War,” by Júlio Reis, 23 February 2007, from English Wikimedia … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:US_Secession_map_1861.svg … CC BY-SA 3.0.

Dust Bowl Economic Stressor

Image: Map of states and counties affected by the Dust Bowl [1930s], sourced from US federal government dept. (NRCS SSRA-RAD).svg … “Based only on that PNG image. I made this file primarily using QGIS, and the following public domain … https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/tiger-cart-boundary.html shapefiles from census.gov] by Soil Science and Resource Assessment, Resource Assessment Division (NRCS SSRA-RAD) (Division of the U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture), 15 January 2012, from Wikimedia Commons … This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code.

Image: Map of states and counties affected by the Dust Bowl [1930s], sourced from US federal government dept. (NRCS SSRA-RAD).svg … “Based only on that PNG image. I made this file primarily using QGIS, and the following public domain … https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/tiger-cart-boundary.html shapefiles from census.gov] by Soil Science and Resource Assessment, Resource Assessment Division (NRCS SSRA-RAD) (Division of the U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture), 15 January 2012, from Wikimedia Commons … This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code.

Historical Expansion Stressor

Image: “A Map of the United States Showing Land Claims and Cessions from 1782 to 1802,” by Kmusser, in Wikimedia Commons … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_cessions#/media/File:United_States_land_claims_and_cessions_1782-1802.png … DESCRIPTION: This is a map showing state land claims and cessions from 1782-1802 that I made. The disputed territory between New Hampshire and New York formed, in 1777, the independent country of ‘New Connecticut’ (later renamed ‘Vermont’) which eventually gained admission as the 14th state in 1791. Boundary disputes between states that were resolved before U.S. independence are not shown … CC BY-SA 2.5 Generic

Image: “A Map of the United States Showing Land Claims and Cessions from 1782 to 1802,” by Kmusser, in Wikimedia Commons … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_cessions#/media/File:United_States_land_claims_and_cessions_1782-1802.png

DESCRIPTION: This is a map showing state land claims and cessions from 1782-1802 that I made. The disputed territory between New Hampshire and New York formed, in 1777, the independent country of ‘New Connecticut’ (later renamed ‘Vermont’) which eventually gained admission as the 14th state in 1791. Boundary disputes between states that were resolved before U.S. independence are not shown … CC BY-SA 2.5 Generic

Image: “perry-castenada: Admission of States and Territorial Acquisition U.S. Bureau of the Census (341K) http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/histus.html …” by United States Census Bureay, U.S. Government, circa 1970s … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_evolution_of_the_United_States#/media/File:Territorial-acquisition-uscensus-bureau.jpg … public domain … DESCRIPTION: Census Bureau map depicting territorial acquisitions and dates of statehood, probably created in the 1970s.

Image: “perry-castenada: Admission of States and Territorial Acquisition U.S. Bureau of the Census (341K) http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/histus.html …” by United States Census Bureay, U.S. Government, circa 1970s … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_evolution_of_the_United_States#/media/File:Territorial-acquisition-uscensus-bureau.jpg … public domain …

DESCRIPTION: Census Bureau map depicting territorial acquisitions and dates of statehood, probably created in the 1970s.

HIV-AIDS Pandemic Stressor

Image: “Map infographic displaying rates of HIV Diagnosis in the United States based on 2017 CDC data, published by the CDC in February of 2019,” United States Centers for Disease Control, 1 February 2019, Source: https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/images/statistics/overview/geography/hiv-us-map-2017.png … in Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hiv-us-map-2017.png … public domain

Image: “Map infographic displaying rates of HIV Diagnosis in the United States based on 2017 CDC data, published by the CDC in February of 2019,” United States Centers for Disease Control, 1 February 2019, Source: https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/images/statistics/overview/geography/hiv-us-map-2017.png … in Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hiv-us-map-2017.png … public domain

Jade Helm Economic Stressor

Image: “U.S. Army Special Operations Command map, depicting the US military plans during the Jade Helm 15 exercise,” by U.S. Army Special Operations Command, 31 March 2015, Source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2015/03/31/why-the-new-special-operations-exercise-freaking-out-the-internet-is-no-big-deal/ … This image is a work of a U.S. Army soldier or employee, taken or made as part of that person’s official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.

Image: “U.S. Army Special Operations Command map, depicting the US military plans during the Jade Helm 15 exercise,” by U.S. Army Special Operations Command, 31 March 2015, Source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2015/03/31/why-the-new-special-operations-exercise-freaking-out-the-internet-is-no-big-deal/ … This image is a work of a U.S. Army soldier or employee, taken or made as part of that person’s official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.

The above map leaves out Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi, which were mentioned as being part of the Jade Helm 15 exercise here: “The joint exercise in realistic military training (RMT) known as Jade Helm 15 … was sponsored by the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM or SOCOM) … and involved the United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) and Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) with other U.S. Military units in multiple states, including Texas, Arizona, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, and Utah.” –from Link: “Jade Helm 15 conspiracy theories,” in Wikipedia … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jade_Helm_15_conspiracy_theories ..

This map of the Jade Helm exercises includes the states missing in the map above … Link: “Other information (unconfirmed) suggests that Jade Helm is geographically larger (10 states), involves larger forces and has already started,” in Citizens Journal … https://www.citizensjournal.us/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/jadehelmother.jpg ..

Rainfall – Aridity Economic Stressor

Image: “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

Image: “USA topo en.jpg [USA Topographical Map], from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_topo_en.jpg … CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported

SURVIVAL FACTORS          top

Nuclear Power Plants and Seismic (Earthquake) Safety Survival Factor

Image: “Map prepared for CRS report for Congress: Andrews, Anthony, 2011 ‘Nuclear power plant design and seismic safety considerations’ Library of Congress Congressional Research Service report R41805, May 2, 2011, Washington. p. 22, fig. 8.” Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes list of nuclear reactors with statistics. 2011. Source: https://www.loc.gov/item/2011594649/ … from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Operating_nuclear_power_plant_sites_vs._seismic_hazards_in_terms_of_percent_gravitational_acceleration_-_(United_States)_LOC_2011594649.jpg …. This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code.

Image: “”Map prepared for CRS report for Congress: Andrews, Anthony, 2011 ‘Nuclear power plant design and seismic safety considerations’ Library of Congress Congressional Research Service report R41805, May 2, 2011, Washington. p. 22, fig. 8.” Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes list of nuclear reactors with statistics. 2011. Source: https://www.loc.gov/item/2011594649/ … from Wikimedia Commons … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Operating_nuclear_power_plant_sites_vs._seismic_hazards_in_terms_of_percent_gravitational_acceleration_-_(United_States)_LOC_2011594649.jpg …. This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code.

Post-Nuclear-War Survival Factor

Link: “The effects of a theoretical nuclear war in the USA – includes fallout, power outages, relief efforts, and more,” in Reddit … https://external-preview.redd.it/xyL0-MpSdZbu794s_N3NtCzySubUaitc9MoGcv_i7b0.jpg?auto=webp&s=c4630e18ef94d0ddf0c5759d3cf5d93222fcc9e4 ..

 

TRANSPORTATION          top

Longest United States Hiking Trails

My feeling is, these hiking trails might provide alternative transportation routes if highways are blocked due to natural disasters or highway repair issues …

Image: “Long Distance Hiking Trails in U.S.,” by ZeroGram …  https://cdn.imweb.me/upload/S201905065ccffe1baee08/5c94f72b9fa12.jpg ..

Link: “Long-Distance Trails in the United States,” by English Wikipedia … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-distance_trails_in_the_United_States ..

Native American Trade Routes

I thought these Native American trade routes must represent terrain more easily traversible on foot or ahorse …

Image: “Smithsonian Institution map of native American trade routes through a little of Mexico, some of Canada and the United States” … https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DNFnMn-XUAAXDqH.jpg ..

Railroad Lines

Image: “This is a map of the Class I Railroads I made using DOT data,” by Kmusser, 9 August 2006, in Wikimedia Commons. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license.

Image: “This is a map of the Class I Railroads I made using DOT data,” by Kmusser, 9 August 2006, in Wikimedia Commons. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license.

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United States, government, economics, travels in the United States, history, geography, politics, social unrest, Jade Helm, community health, HIV pandemic, AIDS pandemic, homelessness, handheld psychosis, my favorites, future, COVID-19, coronavirus,

2 thoughts on “What If: Will the United States Become Less Centralized? . by Alice B. Clagett *

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